There are currently more than 3,000 species of mosquitoes in the world. All of them vary in size, appearance, and location all over the world, but even with the wide variety of mosquitoes that exist, they share several similar features.
The mouthpieces of mosquitoes are particularly adapted to pierce the epidermis of plants and animals. Though females need blood nutrients to produce eggs, males usually live with nectar and plant juices. This is regrettable since mosquitoes are believed to be carriers and liable for the transmission of very serious illnesses. Actually, they are believed to transmit infectious diseases to millions of people each year. In subtropical climate areas, mosquitoes are to blame for three main diseases. Read on to find out more in detail.
- Dengue Fever
More than a third of the world lives in areas at risk of transmission of dengue fever, and is one of the leading causes of disease and death in the tropics and subtropics, with up to a hundred million people infected each year. About 80% of infected people show no symptoms or have mild symptoms, though others experience a more serious disease, with symptoms that include dengue hemorrhagic fever, which can be fatal as well.
- Yellow Fever
There have been several major epidemics of this disease since the 17th century. Actually, it was considered one of the most dangerous infectious diseases of the 19th century, but in 1905, the last epidemic in North America occurred in New Orleans. There is no certain treatment for yellow fever, but there is a useful vaccine, which is suggested at Travel in specific parts of the world. Symptoms include fever, nausea, chills, fatigue, severe headache and back pain, and in most cases, this initial phase disappears after a few days and does not return.
There are more than 230 million cases of malaria every year and about 780,000 cause death. Symptoms include fever, chills, vomiting, anemia, joint pain, retinal damage, and seizures. If not treated, severe malaria can cause coma and death. Children and pregnant women are, particularly at risk. There are some preventive medications available, and most patients recover completely from the disease when treated correctly.
How Do You Keep Yourself Safe?
# Remove Standing Water
Whether you set up a children’s pool, be sure to drain it when finished. Don’t allow water to remain in potted plant saucers or pet bowls for more than three days. Keep rain barrels covered or treat water. Avoid using birdbaths, or alter the water in them every three days.
# Use Biocontrol
This is the act of importing natural predators like dragonflies and some types of fish. Do you have a pool or other body of water that can be attracting mosquitoes? It may be worth introducing fish, such as sea bass, catfish, goldfish, blue gall, guppies and killifish, which are known to consume mosquito larvae. Adjust the process so that there is less standing water for mosquitoes to lay their eggs, and keep the canals and eaves clean.
# Use Repellent
Once you go to be outside during the hot summer months when mosquitoes are more frequent. You can control the population that is attracted to you, your family and your friends by ensuring that you are using repellent lotions or insect sprays. You can use candles or other processes as well that protects a small area.
Unluckily, not even pest control experts can destroy all mosquitoes. There are so many of them that it would be almost impossible to eradicate the entire population and many scientists also believe they are a vital part of the ecosystem. However, there are numerous ways in which you can protect yourself from being potentially infected by the diseases they transmit. The most effective is population control.
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